PTE Retell Lecture là phần thi khiến nhiều học viên mất điểm nếu chưa có template chuẩn hoặc không biết cách sử dụng template hiệu quả. Vì vậy, hôm nay PTE HELPER xin gởi đến các bạn 20 câu khó mà lại thường hay xuất hiện – most repeated Retell Lecture – trong bài thi do Đội Ngũ Thu Thập Đề độc quyền tại nhà HELPER tổng hợp lại. Các bạn có thể kết hợp với template trong bài viết bên dưới để luyện tập nhé. Và để nghe audio của các đoạn Retell Lecture này, các bạn có thể truy cập vào PTE.Tools – Phần mềm luyện thi PTE Miễn Phí số 1 hiện nay với 100% câu hỏi từ đề thi thật.
Xem ngay PTE Retell Lecture Template chuẩn, đúng theo tiêu chí chấm điểm của Pearson và cách áp dụng tốt nhất để lấy trọn điểm phần thi này:
Most Repeated Retell Lecture PTE: Câu số 2 tại PTE.Tools
For better or worse, we live in a world profoundly affected by Sigmund Freud. If I had to ask you, choose a psycho…, no, name a famous psychologist, the answer of most of you would be Freud. He’s the most famous psychologist ever and he’s had a profound influence on the 20th and 21st century. Some biographical information: he was born in the 1850s; he spent most of his life in Vienna, Austria. And ah … but he died in London. He escaped to London soon after retreating there at the beginning of World War Two as the Nazis began to occupy where he lived. He’s one of the most famous scholars ever, but he’s not known for any single discovery. Instead he’s known for the development of an encompassing theory of mind, one that he developed over the span of many decades.
Most Repeated Retell Lecture PTE: Câu số 5 tại PTE.Tools
The shuttle was designed to be a space truck; it’s a multi-purpose vehicle. We’ve done a tremendous number of different things with it. It’s the most versatile space vehicle that has ever been built. We’ve used it to launch satellites. We’ve used it to repair satellites in orbit and put them back into orbit. We’ve used it to capture satellites and bring them back to Earth for repair. We’ve outfitted it with the space lab built by our European partners and used it before the era of the space station to do scientific research. We used it as part of our partnership with the Russians, which is still continuing, first as part of the Mir space station, where we actually prolonged the useful life of Mir by several years through logistical supply visits with the shuttle. And now, of course, we’re using it to build the new international space station, which is a … a huge international partnership.
Most Repeated Retell Lecture PTE: Câu số 8 tại PTE.Tools
The basis of all life on Earth is the cell. All creatures on Earth are made up of cells. I’m not gonna dwell on the biology of cells and much is it not that relevant. But do want to point out a few things. First of all, there are 2 sorts of cells. As we think all the prokaryotic cell, which is fairly simple and it’s the thing that all bacteria are made of. And then we have a eukaryotic cell, much more complicated beasts on the right, which did not appear until well into the history of the biosphere on earth. And there are many single-celled eukaryotes. But there are also and importantly multicellular organisms and all of those are based on the eukaryotic cell.
Most Repeated Retell Lecture PTE: Câu số 10 tại PTE.Tools
I’m just going to take on the stuff where left off. The hormone I want to talk to you about is called melatonin. And it’s synthesized in the Pineal Gland, which is very small. It is the size of a pea in your brain. Decartes called it “the seat of soul”, and it is where melatonin is made. And it has a rhythm as well. And in the sense, it is the opposite of cortisol. It peaks at night. We call it as the darkness hormone. In every species that we studied, melatonin occurs at night. And it’s a hormone that prepares you for the things, that your species, does at night. So, of course, in humans we sleep, but animals, like rodents, they are awake. It’s a hormone that is related to darkness behavior.
Most Repeated Retell Lecture PTE: Câu số 31 tại PTE.Tools
Here are three important factors in creativity: people, process and product. The most important one is the process. First you have to create the right person through education with a creative mind. Second, you have to create the right process to have people engaged in innovation process. Third, you need to find the right problem to work on. Human beings can survive and prosper largely depending on the creativity they have. If you identify and assess the creativity of a finished product, it is taken as a proxy for the creativity of the person who produced such a product. Therefore, a creative product should be surprising, original, beautiful and useful. People should have factors necessary for genius, ability, and right mind-set.
Most Repeated Retell Lecture PTE: Câu số 40 tại PTE.Tools
When this dog approaches some food, another dog’s playful snarls are played back. The dog seems curious, but the sound doesn’t stop it from taking the bone.
Here a dog hears the growls of a dog being approached by a stranger, but these don’t deter it from grabbing the bone either.
In another scenario, the sound of a dog protecting its food is played back. This time the dog backs off. These experiments suggest the dogs can distinguish between different types of growls.
Most Repeated Retell Lecture PTE: Câu số 48 tại PTE.Tools
Soot, which comes from combustion of many different things, is black so it’s a strong absorber. In fact it’s second only to CO2 in terms of warming, so it’s actually ahead of methane, which you hear a lot about. The interesting thing about soot and aerosols’ impact on climate is that their lifetimes are so much shorter. So if we can reduce the soot we can make changes within months versus tens of years. It’s not to say we should ignore the CO2 and the greenhouse gases but it could buy us some time while we actually do the right strategies to reduce the greenhouse gases.
Most Repeated Retell Lecture PTE: Câu số 52 tại PTE.Tools
The comics I show you with lots of people chatting around in a room is a form of description. We use different kinds of methods to describe a situation. Sometimes we have to use visual description, particularly when we do not witness the scenario. I was born during the Second World War and my hometown is X, for example when I asked my mother about the war, I always ask her you have mentioned this or that when you talked to me when asked her about the shelter, I asked her what the shelter looks like and when did you go to the shelter. From her response I could get more visual evidence as I can to write my book.
Most Repeated Retell Lecture PTE: Câu số 59 tại PTE.Tools
Why does burning a food item provide information about its value as a food? The nutritional value of food can be measured on many different scales. The most basic measurement scale is the free energy content of the food. In other words, how much energy is released when chemical bonds within the food are broken? The energy content of food is measured in calories, the amount of kinetic energy required to raise the temperature of one ml of water, one degree. Food is burned under controlled conditions, breaking chemical bonds and releasing free energy. The burning is chemically similar to the breakdown of food in cellular respiration although the process occurs much more quickly and in a less controlled fashion during ignition. Calorimeter can measure the energy in food, but can not measure the digested energy of what we have.
Most Repeated Retell Lecture PTE: Câu số 84 tại PTE.Tools
It is almost impossible these days not to include photography in a course on the history of art. I disagree with people such as Walter Benjamin who suggest that technology and an don’t go well together. Photography, with its realism, its accurate representation of the thing in front of you, initially deprived many artists of their subject matter, forcing them to look in new ways – no bad thing. True, mass produced images of, say, the Mona Lisa, obviously can’t provide the same experience as seeing the real painting. On the other hand, there are photographs which, to my mind, are far more thought-provoking and have greater emotional impact than a painting of the same subject could.
Some people say that the traditional idea of an artist with a trained hand and eye is old-fashioned. They no longer believe that an artist needs specialist knowledge, but rather that he or she can simply point a camera at a scene and recordit. However, on the one hand, that ignores the creative skill involved in producing photographs. On the other hand, it also ignores the fact that even in the past, painters used various technological aids. For example, the Dutch painter, Vermeer, used a camera obscura to help him create his images. We’ll go into that later, but for now, J want to look at the documentary and cultural value of photography.
Most Repeated Retell Lecture PTE: Câu số 86 tại PTE.Tools
One of the most surprising insights from Einstein is that time is not what we intuitively think it is, right? Most of us have this sense that time for you is the same as time for me. And sometimes there is a cosmic clock that out there taking second after second after second, dragging it’s all in exactly the same way into the future. Einstein found that if you and I are moving relative to each other, however, our clocks don’t take off the time at the same rate. Our watches if they were once in sync if we’re moving relatively to each other, they fall out synchronization. And what is that mean? All that means that what I consider to be happening right now at a given moment, from your perspective, that might be the past or might be the future? What you consider to be happening right now to me that may be the past or the future. Now since your view of reality is every bit as valid as my view of reality. That means you cannot really say the past is gone because that might be your now, your reality. You cannot really say that the future is yet to be, maybe the future to me might be your now, your reality at that given moment, so in a sense past, present and future are all equally really, all exist, all out there.
Most Repeated Retell Lecture PTE: Câu số 88 tại PTE.Tools
To be a British, the first important thing is the free of speech that we have. It doesn’t matter how small you are, how big you are, you are able to shout. I think security is very important. It’s a society that has democracy as its basic value. There are people who come from a third world which wasn’t a British colony where they didn’t have democracy such way they grew up under what I called a law lord. A system where the king or the local headman was the ruler of that particular area and he laid down the laws. And there are still parts of Africa as well as Middle East where the system still exists. They have to follow that ritual and that’s it, they cannot argue against it. Well, in our British society, we can argue. As the American saying, we can fight the city hall and this is one thing which is very unique among the western civilization. Is that any voice is heard, however small is, however big is, we have the equal authority.
Most Repeated Retell Lecture PTE: Câu số 90 tại PTE.Tools
What matters is how much does each person in the household get, how much income is supporting each person in a household. Look what happens we take that 18 percent figure. Again the figure I remind you is from 1976 until 2006 in inflation-adjusted terms. The income above the median household income of Americans rose only by 18 percent, but at the same time the size of the household has fallen. So what’s happened to the average income per person in the household. Per household person income per each individual in the household over that thirty-year period. We see that that rose not by 18 percent but by 32 percent because the number of people in a household haven fallen, the amount of income earned by the household goes further per person. Because there were fewer people to share per person. Each person gets a larger slice of the pie because of few people sharing the pie. Just making that one adjustment looking at what’s happened to the size of households causes that 18 percent figure to rise to 32 percent. 32 percent’s still not great over a 30-year period but it’s different than 18 percent, a little bit more optimistic and if nothing else, it should give you some sense that data have to be interpreted carefully.
Most Repeated Retell Lecture PTE: Câu số 92 tại PTE.Tools
Viatamin E supplementation confirmed as a treatment for liver problems. Hi, I’m Doctor James Meschino. There is a fatty liver condition known as NASH. That is commonly seen in diabetics, pre-diabetics and people who are overweight. NASH stands for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, a condition where you have an inflamed liver that is not caused by alcohol consumption. It is caused b faulty lifestyle behaviors, lots of fat in the diet in particular. Of course, alcohol consumption can also induce fatty liver problems. But with the obesity epidemic that we have at hand, more and more people are developing fatty liver disease, not from alcohol but from faulty dietary lifestyle patterns and lack of exercise. If it is left unchecked, fatty liver problems can degenerate into cirrhosis. In cirrhosis of the liver, you are getting scar tissue and fibrotic tissue. Nodules start to replace normal liver tissue. With advancing cirrhosis, you can end up with liver failure, requiring a liver transplant. Cirrhosis is the tenth leading cause of death in men in our society. It is the twelfth leading cause of death in women in our society as of 2001. In 2012, new medical guidelines were issued for the management of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. One of the major recommendations was 800 IUs of vitamin E every day. Why? Well, vitamin E is one of the few agents that has been shown to actually reverse some of the liver damage in people that have this problem. Other studies have also shown recently that vitamin E is linked to prevention of liver cancer in people who are high risk for primary liver cancer. Primary liver cancer is known as hepatocellular carcinoma.
Most Repeated Retell Lecture PTE: Câu số 93 tại PTE.Tools
The American people are fed up with partisan politics. In a recent Gallup poll Americans named dissatisfaction with government as the number one problem facing our country today. To change the way our elected officials work for the American people, we must change how they are elected. We need to start with the first round of voting, the primaries. Thanks to gerrymandering and other factors, the primary election is often the only election that matters. In many states, less than 5% of the electorate are actually deciding who represents 100% of that district or state. That means that our elected officials are being chosen by an increasingly tiny, often incredibly partisan slice of the electorate. Today 42% of Americans identify themselves as independents. Most states include independent voters from voting in the first round, the primaries. And in states that do allow them to vote in primaries, they are forced to temporarily join a party that they don’t believe in. A Top Two nonpartisan primary eliminates party control in favor of a single, nonpartisan primary open to all voters and all candidates. There is no longer a Democratic primary and a Republican primary, there is one primary open to all voters and all candidates. The top two vote getters, regardless of party, then move forward to the general election. With nonpartisan primaries everyone gets to vote. The winners are more accountable, because they have to speak to all the voters in order to get elected. Elections are more competitive. Legislators are encouraged to work across party lines and focus on issues we care about. Top Two nonpartisan primaries are now used in California, Washington and Nebraska at the state level. You’ve probably already voted using Top Two. Most municipal elections nationwide use this simple, nonpartisan system. Today, activists in all 50 states are working to bring this crucial system change to their state. The movement is growing. Join us and help us create a government that truly is by and for the people.
Most Repeated Retell Lecture PTE: Câu số 95 tại PTE.Tools
The green economy could easily be the next Industrial Revolution. I mean energy is… you know, we all need energy. We do an annual report which studies how much oil is left in the world and demand for oil. And with China, India, South America, Africa even, growing at the rate they’re now growing, you know, we think that four or five years from now the demand for fuel will exceed supply. That could push prices, you know, through the roof. For that reason you know, forget global warming for one minute just for that reason alone, we should be hurrying up, you know, saving on energy and creating alternative sources of energy. And I think those people who invest in this sector, hopefully, you know, will get their thanks, and get the right; get their just returns.
Most Repeated Retell Lecture PTE: Câu số 97 tại PTE.Tools
Alright, so for example, if now this is interesting, if your eyeballs are in the front of your face, you’re seeing things. The part of your brain that lights up when you see something is actually back here. So if you actually were watching like in my class I’m sure the PowerPoints to die for and do the part of the brain that activated at that moment is way back there. If I’m giving the speech of a lifetime in my students are like more, more, on like this is the part of the brain that lights up, for example, I am just characterizing here interestingly enough if that’s all you did. You are lecturing, you giving presentations, that’s it. There’s a whole bunch of other areas in the brain that does not tend to get activated if what you really do is the kind of traditional didactic approach. So now that other senses, ok, there’s other kind of the senses and if you if processing was involved in the signal kind of spread out further and further. There is classification at the part of the cortex. This deeper areas of the brain by the way, but we’re just looking at the surface which where the high is cognitive function to kind of showing up but you got vision processing back here. You’ve got sound processing back here. There’s kind of a giant swath here that will deal with the sensory perception film touch. Smells tend to be directly kind of on the surface it out of the way. It’s very old part of the cortex underneath there. I’ll and yet we only sort of channel stuff into those areas which it seems extremely can narrow focus.
Most Repeated Retell Lecture PTE: Câu số 99 tại PTE.Tools
Infinity is the perplexing idea which basically refers to something that grows without bound, no matter what number you might assign to something, infinity would be larger than that number. We make use of infinity in a number of ways in physics. We image that space conceivably could go on infinitely far. We imagine that in principle the universe could go on for an infinite matter of time. But in our calculations, if infinity turns up as the answer to something that we could directly measure with a piece of equipment, then we know that our calculation must be wrong. We have used that as a diagnostic over many decades to tell us if you find infinite popping out of your equations for something you can measure, you’d better go back, think about those equations, modify them in some way in order to get a finite answer is that’s the only kind of answer that we could ever directly measure.
Most Repeated Retell Lecture PTE: Câu số 101 tại PTE.Tools
The brand is the talent and let’s stick with that sports analogy, the answer is you can spend 450 million dollars in the stadium. But if over a ten-year period, the player talents no good, and there’re more losses than their wins, they are gonna be a lot of more empty seats in their foyers, right? No matter how good the marketing is, no matter how beautiful the stadium is, the brand is the talent. Bennis and Biederman again “the leaders of Great Groups love talent and know where to find it. They revel, revel in the talent of others”. Only, only in the stupid world, a business and government, do we promote the best accoutant? Do they have the accounting department? The best salesman, do they have the sales department? The best trainer, do they have the training department? You know, do that in sports, right? The definition of most of our coaches at professional level is they were second-rate or marginal players, were brilliant students in the game and people, that is they were good, what a good leader is doing? Leading, there was a guy when I was a kid, Yale university used to win NCAA swimming championships year after year after year. And I never heard the scene has proven, but sure it doesn’t surprise me. There was an interesting thing about their coach, he couldn’t swim, but he can sure motivate swimmers. And that’s the point, isn’t it? It’s the thing called leadership.
Most Repeated Retell Lecture PTE: Câu số 103 tại PTE.Tools
We often think of technology and invention and research as being somehow more sophisticated a proposition than nature – but actually, when we think about it, there are lots of really useful concepts that technology can take from the natural world. People are beginning to remember that other organisms on earth are doing things in a very similar way to what we need to do. And they’re looking closely at what we can learn from nature.
Take the bright screens on our mobile phones – now, this brightness, this effect that they’ve managed to achieve there, came partly as a result of research into the iridescence of the wings of butterflies and the antireflective coatings that moths have on their eyes. And it doesn’t end there. They’re looking at what makes a spider’s web so strong, how glow worms produce light with almost zero energy. The list goes on. And this area of research is called biomimicry – that’s ‘bio’, as in biology or life and ‘mimicry’, copying or imitating. It’s a very interesting field of study.
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